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Beiträge aus Forschung und Anwendung

– Milena Belosevic: Die Semantik ereignisbasierter Personennamenkomposita im Deutschen
Abstract: The paper aims to account for the semantic properties of eventive personal name compounds in German (e.g. Brezel-Bush/Pretzel-Bush). These are compounds where the compound constituents are combined based on the discursive event in which the name bearer has participated. In this regard, the question arises of how the relationship between the compound constituents can be modelled given that the knowledge about the discursive event plays a central role. Starting from the corpus data collected from the German Reference Corpus (DeReKo), the Digital Dictionary of the German Language (DWDS) and Twitter (X), we test the hypothesis that the relationships between the constituents of eventive personal name compounds cannot be captured by existing approaches to the semantics of compounds. Instead we apply two frame semantics approaches to this compound type: an approach based on the German FrameNet and an approach based on Barsalou frames and show how they contribute to the linguistic operationalization of discursive events that underlie the relationship between the constituents. The analysis indicates that well-known advantages and disadvantages of both frame semantic approaches also apply to the eventive personal name compounds. Whereas the limited set of frame elements from the German FrameNet in combination with construction morphology can account for the non-compositional compound meaning, Barsalou-Frames are recursive and therefore provide better evidence for different aspects of knowledge involved in the interpretation of eventive personal name compounds.

– Wei Gu: Geburtstagsglückwünsche in digitalen Dialogen: Ein Vergleich zwischen deutschsprachigen WhatsApp- und chinesischen WeChat-Messengernachrichten
Abstract: This article is a contrastive study of birthday interactions in German and Chinese on WhatsApp and WeChat, respectively. The congratulatory formulas of both languages are examined, along with communicative and culture-specific phenomena related to written languages and pictograms in digital writing. This article attempts to explain the theoretical basis of general routine formulas and formulaic language, as well as greetings in messenger writing, and linguistic cultural analysis. In addition, the author has conducted an empirical investigation. At the textual level, high-frequency expressions in German and Chinese congratulatory dialogues have been collected quantitatively and presented in two word clouds. Apart from this, concrete acts of communication in both contexts will be analyzed qualitatively. The associated image-related discussion is conducted based on an overview of the general use of image symbols in messenger messages and, in particular, of the 15 emojis that are identified to be most frequently used as non-verbal components of congratulations. This is followed by examples of the use of figurative signs and a qualitative discussion of their culture-specific characteristics. This article also identifies the relationship building in birthday congratulations in Chinese WeChat and German WhatsApp. This research explains the change of the use of emojis and stickers in messenger writing and whether new communication possibilities in messenger messages can be expected in the future.

– Judith Kalinowski: ‘Leichte Sprache’ in German as a foreign language: an empirical study about compound separation and pronoun use
Abstract: ‘Leichte Sprache’ is a variety of German that is linguistically and structurally reduced in its complexity. It intends to facilitate reading and thus to make it easier for people with poor reading skills to participate in society. The target groups of Leichte Sprache are very heterogeneous, therefore, it is an open question which target groups benefit from which rules of Leichte Sprache. Concerning the target group of people with German as a foreign language, there are no empirical studies that address this question. In a questionnaire study we investigated whether German learners from an English secondary school benefit from compound separation and the avoidance of personal pronouns. The data show that the learners consider compound separation as helpful. The avoidance of personal pronouns, however, is perceived to negatively impact reading. These results support the assumption that not all rules of Leichte Sprache are helpful for people with German as a foreign language, but that others can facilitate reading. Empirical studies of this kind can help to make it easier for people with German as a foreign language to learn German. Regarding other target groups we propose to empirically investigate their reading-related needs to make reading and thus participation in society easier.


– Sebastian Bücking: EunHee Lee (2020): The logic of narratives

– Sonja Taigel: Pierre-Yves Modicom & Oliver Duplâtre (2020): Information-structural perspectives on discourse particles

– Katharina Paul: Margaret E. Winters (2020): Historical linguistics. A cognitive grammar introduction

– Gerhard Stickel: Gisela Zifonun (2021): Das Deutsche als Europäische Sprache – Ein Portrait

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