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Linguistische Berichte (LB) 278. 2024. 121 Seiten, Unverändertes eBook der 1. Auflage von 2024
978-3-96769-397-3. eJournal (PDF)
DOI: DOI 10.46771/978-3-96769-397-3
EUR 68,00

Im Buch blättern
Beiträge aus Forschung und Anwendung
– Daniel Gutzmann & Katharina Turgay: Expressive Interpunktion!?! Interpunktion zwischen Grammatik (?) und Pragmatik!
Abstract: Whereas the use of most punctuation marks is thought to be governed by grammatical rules, some punctuation marks can be used in a more expressive way that rather reflects emotions and/or attitudes of the writer instead of grammatical properties. In this paper, we will discuss the distinction between grammatical and expressive punctuation and suggest that pragmatic punctuation marks exhibit certain features that the more grammatical punctuation marks do not: They are expressive, they can occur rather freely inside a sentence, they can be repeated to intensify their effect, and they can be combined with other expressive punctuation. A comparison of commas and exclamation points illustrates the difference between grammatical and pragmatic punctuation marks. We will investigate the most common punctuation marks with respect to these properties and assign them a place in what may be called the grammar-pragmatics continuum of punctuation. We will conclude with a comparison between expressive punctuation and emojis which can be used to fulfill similar roles and present a case study of the combination „!?!“.

– Vera Lee-Schoenfeld, Gabriele Diewald & Maud Kelly: German double-accusative verbs: different solutions for avoiding a marked construction.
Abstract: Extending Lee-Schoenfeld & Diewald’s (2017) corpus investigation and formal analysis of ‘lehren’ (‘teach’) to the other four German double-accusative verbs, ‘abfragen’, ‘abhören’ (both meaning ‘quiz/test’), ‘kosten’ (‘cost’), and ‘fragen’ (‘ask’), we show that each verb follows its own individual path to overriding the highly marked ACC > ACC pattern, with the latest usage data revealing notably different results as to the verbs’ most typical syntactic patterns, meaning variants, and contextual features. Specifically, we propose that this small group of verbs makes use of three different “strategies” for avoiding the ACC > ACC pattern: (i) change of major valency frame from a ditransitive to a monotransitive pattern (‘abhören’ and ‘abfragen’), (ii) limiting the second object to primarily a clausal or prepositional one (‘fragen’), and (iii) semantic diversification / polysemy combined with different preferences as to the valency pattern per meaning (‘kosten’). We back up these claims by comparing the usage patterns of the verbs in four time periods between 1800 and 2010 via corpus analyses using DWDS (Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache, https://www.dwds.de/). We also present the results of a synchronic search using the German web corpus deTenTen.

– Aline Meili: The influence of sign language on writing: on cross-modal transfer in texts by DHH learners.
Abstract: Literacy is an important competence not only in a scholarly setting, but also for actively taking part in a literate society. For deaf users of a sign language, however, the ‘written word’ is challenging for the following two reasons. First, signers of a face-to-face, unwritten visual language need to transfer their message into a written modality. Second, as there is no widely accepted standardized written form for signed languages, the code which they must use is that of the written representation of an oral language, which is often a second language (L2) to users of a sign language. The study reported here addresses these challenges with written German data collected from Swiss German Sign Language (DSGS) deaf signers. The variations found in these written German texts are the result not only of second language acquisition processes common to both hearing and deaf L2 learners of German, but also of cross-modal (visual/spatial – acoustic/oral) interferences unique to deaf L2 learners of the oral language. The cross-modal source of non-typical constructions in sentence structure of the written German texts of the deaf signers is the focus of this study. Especially relevant here is the cross-modal variation in regard to information structure. Signed languages use syntactic strategies to focus linguistic information that are different from those used for spoken languages like German. The data from this study show that these sign strategies are also being transferred into the written German texts of the deaf DSGS signers.

– Jana Gamper: Angela Grimm & Valentina Cristante (2022): Deutsch als Zweitsprache – DaZ. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter.
– Sabina Tsapaeva: Luise Czajkowski (2021): Schreibsprachen im Übergang. Untersuchungen zum Sprachwandel im niederdeutsch-ostmitteldeutschen Übergangsraum im Spätmittelalter und in der frühen Neuzeit. Hildesheim/Zürich/New York: Olms.
– Werner Schäfer: Gaston Dorren (2018): Babel. Around the world in twenty languages. London: Profile Books.

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